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Don’t Let the Bed Bugs Bite!

Britney Millisor
Britney Millisor

Bed bugs have become a growing
area of concern for planned communities across the country. Although no
community is immune, bed bugs are most commonly found in single-family homes,
condominiums, and hotels/motels. Because of their ability to travel from
location to location, bed bugs can easily spread and infest multiple areas.
This makes condominiums, townhomes, and single-family residences the perfect
target for these tiny pests.

You may be wondering how and why
bed bugs are of importance to homeowners associations. I will be the first to
admit that Board members and managers rarely seek advice regarding pest
prevention. After all, if it is “out of sight,” then it is also “out of mind.”
However, that is the exact problem with bed bugs – because they are out of
sight, they are also out of mind.

A recent report by the National
Pest Management Association revealed that almost all (97 percent) pest
professionals have treated bed bugs in the past year. A common misconception is
that bed bugs relate to a person’s cleanliness. This misconception could not be
further from the truth. While clutter creates an environment that makes hiding
easier, most bed bugs make their way into an association through luggage,
whether by a traveling member or a temporary guest. People tend to travel more
during the warmer months, so it is no surprise that more than half of all bed
bug complaints are submitted during the summer.

What duty, then, does a community
association owe to its members to treat and prevent these pests from becoming a
nightmare? The answer depends on many factors, the most important being the
type of community.

Under North Carolina’s Planned
Community Act, unless the Declaration states otherwise, the association is
responsible for maintaining and repairing the common areas of the association,
while lot owners are responsible for the same with respect to their individual
lots. Although bed bugs are usually found inside of a residence, they can also
be found in other places. Examples of such places include nursing homes,
schools and daycare centers, offices, college dorms, hospitals, and on public
transportation. This means that members are potentially exposed to bed bugs
daily and may unknowingly transport them. Thus, associations with pool houses,
bathrooms, and other similar structures should be aware of the possibility that
bed bugs could unpack and cause problems in the common areas. If this happens,
associations should be prepared to take action to treat the bed bug

Under North Carolina’s
Condominium Act, unless the Declaration states otherwise, the association is
responsible for maintaining and repairing the common areas of the association,
while unit owners are responsible for the same with respect to their individual
units. What is considered “common area” will vary between associations
depending on the definition in the Declaration. Thus, whether a condominium
association will bear responsibility for treating bed bugs will largely depend
on where the bed bugs are located and who owns the portion of the condominium
that is infested. Condominiums face a greater risk of infestation because of
their close capacity to other units. Bed bugs can easily travel from one unit
to the next, making it likely that multiple units will become infected. Thus,
condominium associations should be aware of the possibility that if one unit is
infested, other units are probably infected as well.

Depending on the circumstances,
homeowners and condominium associations may want to consider adopting bed bug
guidelines for common areas. These guidelines should include the procedure for
reporting bed bug infestations. Associations should also consider educating
unit and lot owners on how to identify bed bugs, as well as providing
information on the treatment of bed bugs. The ultimate goal of the guidelines
is to work proactively in addressing bed bug reports and concerns.

As to any specific situation with
your association, circumstances matter and different facts can lead to
different results. For questions or assistance with creating a pest prevention
policy for your association, contact one of the community association attorneys
at Black, Slaughter & Black in
our Greensboro, Charlotte, Triangle, or Coastal offices.

Author: Britney Millisor
Articles have been Reprinted with permission from Black, Slaughter, Black.

* These articles and related content on this website are provided without warranty of any kind and in no way constitute or provide legal advice. You are advised to contact an attorney specializing in Association Management for legal advice related to your specific issue and community. Some articles are provided by thrid parties and online services. Display of these articles does in no way endorse the products or services of Community Association Management by the author(s).