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May Your Business Require Employees Not to Mask?

As more and more businesses mandate that workers return to the workplace, management is wondering about masking requirements. Some business owners feel strongly that they don’t want to require their employees to wear masks. Others do not want to create the impression that the location isn’t safe for customers and feel that this might be exacerbated by masked public-facing employees. Some feel strongly that it’s their right as an employer to impose a no-mask policy for other reasons. Is that a good idea?

If an employee decides to defy the no-mask policy, they may have a legal claim (backed by science) if the business fires them for disobeying the policy. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control) is still recommending public masking. An employee might even bring a whistleblower claim under state law if the employee complains about the safety of the workplace to management and/or health authorities. An employee could also complain to OSHA. Although the Supreme Court struck down the OSHA Emergency Temporary Standard requiring safety measures, OSHA will still enforce a masking policy if it determines that the location is unsafe (at least for certain employees) without masking. Finally, it bears repeating that an employee with a disability who’s protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act (or equivalent state law) and whose healthcare provider advises that masking is required should be allowed to mask. That claim (depending upon the exact facts, of course) would make it past a motion to dismiss and cost the business a lot to litigate.

I haven’t seen a case on this topic yet, but for these reasons, I wouldn’t advise a mandated no-mask policy right now. Why not create a mask-optional policy if the business feels strongly? It might yield very similar results.

Update on last week’s blog on the no-poach agreement criminal trial: the jury found the defendants not guilty. However, this was a criminal trial, and it’s easier to prove liability in a civil case (remember, O.J. Simpson).

It’s still ok to mandate mask-wearing on the job.


For over 25 years, Katherine has provided her clients with robust representation in matters of employment and related business law. Katherine represents and counsels employers and executives in all facets of the employment relationship, including hiring, termination, discrimination, non-competition, Fair Labor Standards Act matters, issues regarding Family and Medical Leave and other leaves, whistleblowers’ complaints, and regulatory matters.  As a litigator, she is well aware of the nuances of law necessary to draft effective restrictive covenants, severance agreements, and employment contracts.  Along with her over 250 colleagues, she represents companies and non-profit organizations of all sizes. She has defended companies under investigation by both U.S. and state Departments of Labor and handled multiple matters before the EEOC.


Offit Kurman, one of the fastest-growing, full-service law firms in the United States, serves dynamic businesses, individuals and families. With 17 offices and nearly 250 lawyers who counsel clients across more than 30 areas of practice, Offit Kurman helps maximize and protect business value and personal wealth by providing innovative and entrepreneurial counsel that focuses on clients’ business objectives, interests and goals. The firm is distinguished by the quality, breadth and global reach of its legal services and a unique operational structure that encourages a culture of collaboration. For more information, visit www.offitkurman.com.


Author: Katherine Witherspoon Fry, Esq.
Articles have been Reprinted with permission from the charlotte observer and Mike Hunter.

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